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History

              

Hohai Civil Engineering School was founded in 1915 and was merged with the Department of Engineering of Southeast University into Hohai College of Engineering in 1924 and later incorporated the Fourth Zhongshan University in 1927 and became the Department of Water Resources, Central University in 1928. With the establishment of the People’s Republic of China in 1949, it became the Department of Water Resources, Nanjing University. In 1952 the Departments of Water Conservancy, Hydrology, and Water Resources of Nanjing University,Jiaotong University, Tongji University, Zhejiang University and the East China Engineering Schoolof Water Resources were merged into the East China Technical University of Water Resources .In 1985 it resumed the original name Hohai again and was named Hoahi University and the late leader, Mr. Deng Xiaoping, inscribed this name.

 

There are a great many famous scientist and scholars who have been studying or teaching at the University.

  

Mr. Yan Kai (1912-2006), born in Minhou, Zhejiang Province, is a bi-academician in the Chinese Academy of Sciencesand the Chinese Academy of Engineering.


In 1933, Mr.Yan Kai graduated from the Engineering School ofJiaotong University in Tangshan. In 1935, he was conferred Engineer of Civil Engineering in Technology University Delft, Holland, and returned to China in 1938.As a professor,he was ever teaching in Central University, and Shanghai Jiaotong University. In 1952, he was commissioned to establish East China Technical University of Water Resources, and was appointed as Vice President, President, and Honorary President of East China Technical University of Water Resources, as well as Honorary President of Hohai University in succession.

 

He has been a leading scientist and Director of Chinese Association of Water Resources and Chinese Association of Ocean Engineering, and has been the Vice President of the Inter-Government Council for International Hydrological Project under UNESCO for a long time. The research results of the national coastal areas and ocean bottomland directedby Mr.Yan Kai won the first prize of National Science and Technology Advancement. Chinese Coastal Engineering, edited by Mr. Yan Kai, won the special prize of Excellent Academic Works among university publishers all around China.

  

Qian Zhengying (1923- ), born in Jiangxing, Zhejiang Province is an academician of Chinese Academy of Engineering.


From 1939 to 1942, she studied in the Department of civil engineering in Shanghai Datong University.  In 1948, she took the position of deputy director general and the secretary in the Communist Party in charge of the fairs of Yellow River in Shandong Province.  In 1952, she was the vice-minister, vice-secretary, and minister in Ministry of Water Resources. 


From 1952 to 1955,she took the pluralistic position of dean of East China Technical University of Water Resources.  Since 1988, she has been the Vice Chairman of the Chinese People's Political Consultative Conference.

 

Wang Huzhen (1897-1989), born in Jiaxing, Zhejiang Province, graduated from Hohai Professional School of Engineering. He was a counselor of the Ministry of Water Resources, one of the committeemen of Chinese Academy of Sciences.


He designed and was in charge of the great ferroconcrete multi-arch embankment project—the Dam of Fo Zi Mountain Reservoir, which is famous as the first of its kind in China and in Asia. More over, he was commissioned to be the general engineer in the project of Three Gates Gorge Reservoir on the Yellow River. As an editor, he published the first great reference book
A Manual for the Chinese Engineers, and a reference book of 5,000,000 words A Manual of Modern Engineering Teaching.


He is acclaimed as Father of Chinese Multi-arch Embankment in the field of Water Resources.

 

Huang Wenxi (1909-2001), born in Shanghai, graduated from the Department of civil engineering in Central University in 1929.


He is an academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences, and expert in Hydraulic Structure and Soil Mechanics. He has achieved successively the bachelor's, the master's, the doctor's degree in University of Michigan in the United States.


Since 1937, he has been successively professors in Central University, Nanjing University, East China Technical University of Water Resources, and the Department of water resources in Tsinghua University.  Meanwhile, he was appointed as a researcher in the Central Laboratory of Water Resources, a section chief in Nanjing Laboratory of Water Resources, a subdecanal in China Insitute of Water Resources and Hydropower Research, an honorary member and honorary director of China Civil Engineering Society, and a director of the editorial council of Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, and Journal of Geotechnical Engineering.

   

Wen Fubo (1925- ), born in Yaojiang, Hu'nan Province, is an academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences.  He graduated from the former Department of Water Resource Engineering of Central University, which merged into East China Technical University of Water Resources.  Then, he has been working in the Water Resource Council of the Long River under the Ministry of Water Resources.

 

During this period, he took part in Flood Discharge Project in Jingjiang River, Du Jiatai Flood Discharge Project in Hanjiang River, Dan River Hydro-hinge Project in Hanjiang River, as well as the design and construction of the Ge Zhou Dam Hydro-hinge Project in the Long River.  Gezhouba Water Control Project won the golden prize of Excellent Designs among National Hydro-projects; and “The Two Rivers Project”, the silver prize.

   

Xu Zhilun (1911-1999), born in Jiangdu, Jiangsu Province, is an academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences, professor, and doctoral tutor.


He graduated from Civil Engineering Department in Tsinghua University. He achieved the Engineering Master’s degree in Massachusetts Institute of Technology in 1936, and Engineering and Scientific Master's Degree in Harvard University.


After his return, he once taught in Zhejiang University, Central University, and Shanghai Communication University as a professor. In 1952, he participated in the founding of East China Technical University of Water Resources. His Elastic Mechanics ever won the first prize of National Science and Technology Books, and the special prize of Excellent Teaching Materials of Higher Education University from National Community of Education.

    

Wang Wenshao (1919-2007), born in Suzhou, Jiangsu Province. From 1938 to 1943, he studied in Department of Water Conservancy Engineering in Center University.


From 1943 to 1945, he was the assistant Engineer at Zhangye workstation of Gansu water conservancy forest and herd corporation.  From 1945 to 1946, he was the assistant engineer at Ningxia irrigation engineering team of Yellow River water conservancy committee.  From 1946 to 1947, he was the assistant at Department of Water Conservancy of Center University.
 

In 1947, he went to the United States to further his study, and obtained the master degree in mechanics and hydraulics from Yahveh University. He obtained the Doctoral degree in Civil Engineering from Illinois Technology.

 

University from 1952 to 1954, he was the assistant researcher and research engineer of Massachusettes Institute of Technology. He came back in 1954. 

 
From 1955 to 1956, he was the senior engineer of Nanjing water conservancy experimental division ( presently named Nanjing Water Conservancy Science Research Academy). From 1956, he worked in Beijing Ministry of Water Conservancy Research Academy(presently named China Water Conservancy and Hydropower Research Academy).

He has been successively senior engineer of Water Conservancy Science Research Academy of Ministry of Water Conservancy, China Water Conservancy and Hydropower Research Academy. In 1980, he was nominated as the academician of Chinese Academy of Sciences. he has been successively appointed as the commissioner of Technology Committee of Ministry of Water Conservancy, counselor of Science Committee of Ministry of Water Conservancy, counselor of Science Technology Committee. Presently he is also the academician of International Soil Mechanics and Groundwork Engineering Association. Honor syndic of China Water Conservancy Academy, etc.